ABookLegacy    

 Hard to Find and Rare Books

 Americana, Local History, Genealogy, Religion, Military

 Author Signed, First Editions, and others! 

Quick Search

Title
Author
Description
Keyword
Book Number
Advanced Search
 
 
Our secure web pages are hosted by Chrislands Inc, who use a Thawte SSL Certificate to ensure secure transmission of your information.
Fully Trusted SSL Certificate
 
A Book Legacy

Promote Your Page Too
Sign Up Today for Newsletter and Discounts!





Email Marketing by VerticalResponse
 
Browse By Category
African American
Alabama
Alaska
Americana
Archaeology
Arizona
Arkansas
Art
Astronomy
Autobiography
Biography
Books On Books
Business- See Scholarly
California
Canada
Children
Colorado
Comics
Connecticut
Cookbook

View Other Categories
 
 
 

Search

Click on Book Title to view full description

 
1 Albanov, Valerian & Linda Dubosson; Roberts, David & Jon Krakauer & Alison Anderson In the Land of White Death An Epic Story of Survival in the Siberian Arctic
New York Modern Library 2000 0679641009 / 9780679641001 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Near Fine in Near Fine dust jacket Signed by Author
Inscribed "I hope you enjoy this true adventure, Christmas 2000" and signed. The signature could be of author or just someone gifting the book. Jon Krakauer is the writer of the preface and author of Into the Wild and Into Thin Air. Dust has been price clipped otherwise in new condition. In 1912, six months after Robert Falcon Scott and four of his men came to grief in Antarctica, a thirty-two-year-old Russian navigator named Valerian Albanov embarked on an expedition that would prove even more disastrous. In search of new Arctic hunting grounds, Albanov's ship, the Saint Anna, was frozen fast in the pack ice of the treacherous Kara Sea-a misfortune grievously compounded by an incompetent commander, the absence of crucial nautical charts, insufficient fuel, and inadequate provisions that left the crew weak and debilitated by scurvy. For nearly a year and a half, the twenty-five men and one woman aboard the Saint Anna endured terrible hardships and danger as the icebound ship drifted helplessly north. Convinced that the Saint Anna would never free herself from the ice, Albanov and thirteen crewmen left the ship in January 1914, hauling makeshift sledges and kayaks behind them across the frozen sea, hoping to reach the distant coast of Franz Josef Land. With only a shockingly inaccurate map to guide him, Albanov led his men on a 235-mile journey of continuous peril, enduring blizzards, disintegrating ice floes, attacks by polar bears and walrus, starvation, sickness, snowblindness, and mutiny. That any of the team survived is a wonder. That Albanov kept a diary of his ninety-day ordeal-a story that Jon Krakauer calls an "astounding, utterly compelling book," and David Roberts calls "as lean and taut as a good thriller"-is nearly miraculous. First published in Russia in 1917, Albanov's narrative is here translated into English for the first time. Haunting, suspenseful, and told with gripping detail, In the Land of White Death can now rightfully take its place among the classic writings of Nansen, Scott, Cherry-Garrard, and Shackleton. Dust jacket now in Brodart mylar protective (clear) cover.; Signed by Author 
Price: 19.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
The Long Death  The Last Days of the Plains Indians, Andrist, Ralph
2 Andrist, Ralph The Long Death The Last Days of the Plains Indians
New York Macmillan 1965 First Edition; First Printing Hardcover Near Fine in Good dust jacket 
Red cloth cover gold print. Dust is sunfaded around edges and has minor chips or tears to edges. A stated first printing. This compelling narrative explains how Native Americans found themselves time and again betrayed by the ever-expanding white nation of the East, fighting for lands on the edge of the shrinking frontier. Long considered a classic" Many maps throughout. Ralph K. Andrist, scholar & radio journalist, is the author of "California Gold Rush", "Steamboats on the Mississippi", & "Andrew Jackson, Soldier & Statesman". He resides in Cape Cod, Massachusetts.; December 1, 1964; Photographs; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 371 pages 
Price: 11.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
70 Songs 1890-1920 All Organ, Words, Chords, Music, Big 3 Music Corp.
3 Big 3 Music Corp. 70 Songs 1890-1920 All Organ, Words, Chords, Music
Big 3 Music Corp. 1976 First Edition; First Impression Paperback Very Good with no dust jacket 
Contains 70 unforgettable classic song: Aba daba honeymoon ; After the ball ; Alice blue gown ; Aloha oe ; Anchors aweigh ; At the jazz band ball ; Band played on ; Beautiful Ohio ; Because ; Bill Bailey, won't you please come home? ; Bird in a gilded cage ; Chlo-e ; Clarinet marmalade ; Come back to Sorrento ; Come, Josephine in my flying machine ; Darktown strutters' ball ; Fascination ; Frankie and Johnny ; Give my regards to Broadway ; Hello! Ma baby ; He's got the whole world in his hands ; I didn't raise my boy to be a soldier ; I love you truly ; I wish I had a girl ; Ida! Sweet as apple cider ; I'm always chasing rainbows ; I'm sorry I made you cry ; In my merry Oldsmobile ; In the good old summertime ; In the sweet by and by ; Ireland must be heaven ; Ja-da ; Johnson rag ; K-K-K-Katy ; Let me call you sweetheart ; Liebestraum ; Li'l Liza Jane ; Love's old sweet song ; Mary's a grand old name ; Meet me in St. Louis, Louis ; Meet me to-night in dreamland ; Melody of love ; M-I-S-S-I-S-S-I-P-P-I ; M-O-T-H-E-R ; My gal Sal ; O perfect love ; O sole mio ; Oh promise me! ; On the beach at Waikiki ; Over there ; Peg o' my heart ; Peggy O'Neil ; Rose room --Sensation ; Sidewalks of New York ; Song of love ; Sweet Adeline ; Sweet Rosie O'Grady ; Sweetest story ever told ; Ten little fingers and ten little toes; There's a broken heart for every light on Broadway ; Tiger rag ; Wabash blues ; Wabash Cannon Ball ; Washington and Lee swing ; What do you want to make those eyes at me for? ; When you wore a tulip ; Yankee doodle boy ; You tell me your dream ; You're a grand old flag. ; Home Library Series, Vol. 1; 4to 11" - 13" tall; 144 pages 
Price: 29.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
4 Brandeis, Madeline The Wee Scotch Piper
New York , NY A. Flanagan Co 1929 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Very Good+ in Good dust jacket 
Blue cover with black and red print. Colorful Dust has minor tears, but now in brodart (plastic) cover. Scarce in this condition.; Photos; 159 pages 
Price: 9.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
The Monster Men, Burroughs, Edgar Rice & Frank Frazetta
5 Burroughs, Edgar Rice & Frank Frazetta The Monster Men
Ace Books 1963 0441061826 / 9780441061822 First Edition; First Printing Paperback Very Good with no dust jacket 
Original 1963 first edition. Book now in archival sleeve to protect condition. Leaves beginning to darken from age. They called him Number Thirteen, the latest and best of Dr. von Horn's attempts to create life from chemicals. He found himself an almost-human on von Horn's hideaway jungle island off the coast of Borneo. He saw the monsters that had preceded him and grew used to those dreadful travesties of humanity. Not until Number thirteen met the American girl who was von Horn's prisoner did he realize how different he was from the others. Then, monster or not, he turned against his master and his "brothers" and threw in hhis lot with the girl in a desperate attempt to escape the island of terror. First paperback printing, Ace F-182 ; Ace SF Classic, F-182; Ilustrations; 6.30 X 4 X 0.50 inches; 159 pages 
Price: 16.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
6 Capon, Noel & John Farley & James Hulbert Corporate Strategic Planning
Columbia University Press 1987 0231063806 / 9780231063807 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Near Fine with no dust jacket 
Blue cover with gold lettering. Looks new, never used. A classic work on Strategic Planning. ; 1.4 x 9.26 x 6.39 Inches; 482 pages 
Price: 39.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
Manstenen, Utkastad I Varlden, Homo Sum Eller Den Forsvunna Diamanten  , Utkastad I Valrden and Homo Sum, Collins, Wilkie, Hector Malot, Georg Ebers
7 Collins, Wilkie, Hector Malot, Georg Ebers Manstenen, Utkastad I Varlden, Homo Sum Eller Den Forsvunna Diamanten , Utkastad I Valrden and Homo Sum
Stockholm Beijers Bokforlagsaktiebolag 1907 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Good with no dust jacket 
Boards are worn as is leather 1/4 spine. Decorative boards and endpapers. Clean contents. Hinges an corners show wear and cracking. Written entirely in Swedish. The Moonstone (1868) by Wilkie Collins is a 19th-century British epistolary novel, generally considered the first detective novel in the English language. The story was originally serialized in Charles Dickens' magazine All the Year Round. The Moonstone and The Woman in White are considered Wilkie Collins' best novels. Besides creating many of the ground rules of the detective novel, The Moonstone also reflected Collins' enlightened social attitudes in his treatment of the Indians and the servants in the novel. Collins adapted The Moonstone for the stage in 1877, but the production was performed for only two months. Also has in same Volume Utkastad I Varlden by Malot, and Homo Sum by Ebers.Scarce if not rare Swedish printing in one volume. ; Book 1 & 2 in one volume, Swedish 
Price: 94.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
The Pathfinder, Cooper, James Fenimore
8 Cooper, James Fenimore The Pathfinder
New York HERITAGE PRESS 1970 1st Thus; First Impression Hardcover Very Good with no dust jacket Illustrated by Richard M Powers 
Heritage Press edition In slipcase. Looks never read. The Pathfinder, or The Inland Sea is a historical novel by James Fenimore Cooper, first published in 1840. It is the fourth novel Cooper wrote featuring Natty Bumppo, his fictitious frontier hero, and the third chronological episode of the Leatherstocking Tales. The inland sea of the title is Lake Ontario. It is the only book in the Leatherstocking series to show Natty Bumppo in love, and the first of Cooper's books which made important imaginative use of the Great Lakes. The sobriquet "The Pathfinder" was subsequently attached to explorer John C. Frémont. (Wikipedia) The Heritage Press was an imprint of George Macy Companies, Ltd., from 1937 to 1982. The Heritage Press reprinted classic volumes. ; Illustrations; 4to 11" - 13" tall; 474 pages 
Price: 17.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
The Classic and the Beautiful from the Literature of 3000 years by the authors & Orators of all Countries Div 3, Coppee, Henry
9 Coppee, Henry The Classic and the Beautiful from the Literature of 3000 years by the authors & Orators of all Countries Div 3
Philadelphia PA Carson and Simpson 1888 First Edition; First Impression Paperback Very Good with No dust jacket as issued 
Brown cover with black print. Some light water staining to cover. Slight damage to spine. Contents clean . Engraving of Tennyson and Ben Franklin on end paper. Book now in archival sleeve to protect condition. Scarce. ; Engraving; 4to 11" - 13" tall; 96 pages 
Price: 19.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
The Classic and the Beautiful from the Literature of 3000 years by the authors & Orators of all Countries Div 6, Coppee, Henry
10 Coppee, Henry The Classic and the Beautiful from the Literature of 3000 years by the authors & Orators of all Countries Div 6
Philadelphia PA Carson and Simpson 1888 First Edition; First Impression Paperback Very Good with No dust jacket as issued 
Brown cover with black print. Some light water staining to cover. Cover detached.. Contents clean . r. Book now in archival sleeve to protect condition. Scarce. ; Engraving; 4to 11" - 13" tall; 96 pages 
Price: 19.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
Sharpe's Havoc  Richard Sharpe & the Campaign in Northern Portugal, Spring 1809, Cornwell, Bernard
11 Cornwell, Bernard Sharpe's Havoc Richard Sharpe & the Campaign in Northern Portugal, Spring 1809
New York HarperCollins 2003 0060530464 / 9780060530464 First American Edition; First Impression Hardcover Near Fine in Near Fine dust jacket 
First UK. Bestselling historical novelist Bernard Cornwell returns to the battlefields of the Iberian Peninsula with Sharpe's Havoc , where the lieutenant and his men bravely fight the French invasion into Portugal. It is 1809, a few years after Lieutenant Richard Sharpe's heroic exploits on the battlefields of India and at Trafalgar, and Sharpe finds himself fighting the savage armies of Napoleon Bonaparte as they try to bring the whole of the Iberian Peninsula under their control. Napoleon is advancing fast in northern Portugal, and no one knows whether the small contingent of British troops stationed in Lisbon will stay to fight or sail back to England. Sharpe, however, does not have a choice: He and his squad of riflemen are on the lookout for the missing daughter of an English wine shipper, when the French onslaught begins and the city of Oporto becomes a setting for carnage and disaster.

Stranded behind enemy lines, Sharpe returns to his mission to find Kate Savage. Sharpe's position on enemy grounds is precarious, and his search is further complicated by a mysterious and threatening Englishman, Colonel Christopher, who has his own ideas on how the French can be driven from Portugal. Christopher's scheme is dangerous, and Sharpe and his Riflemen are the only obstacles standing in his way. Suddenly, a newly arrived British commander in Lisbon, Sir Arthur Wellesley, unknowingly comes to Sharpe's rescue. Just when Sharpe and his men seem doomed, Sir Arthur mounts his own counterattack, an operation of breathtaking daring that will send Marshal Soult's army reeling back into the northern mountains.

Sharpe's Havoc is a classic Sharpe story, based on real history, and a return to Portugal in the company of Sergeant Patrick Harper, Captain Hogan, and Sharpe's beloved Green-jackets, who can turn a battle as fast as Cornwell's readers can turn a page. Dust jacket now in Brodart mylar protective (clear) cover.; Richard Sharpe's Adventure Series #7; 1.11 x 9.32 x 6.32 Inches 
Price: 11.97 USD

Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
The South African Quirt  (Author Signed), Edmonds, Walter D.
12 Edmonds, Walter D. The South African Quirt (Author Signed)
Little Brown & Co (T) 1985 0316211532 / 9780316211536 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Very Good in Very Good dust jacket Signed by Author
Inscribed and signed by author. Dust Jacket now in Mylar Protective Cover. Beautiful scarce collectors grade copy of this book. First Edition stated. Little, Brown & Co., Boston 1985. Good/Good dust jacket condition. THE SOUTH AFRICAN QUIRT IS A CLASSIC TALE OF A BOY'S RITE OF PASSAGE, DRAMATICALLY HEIGHTENED BY THE TERRIFYING STRUGGLE THE BOY, NATTY DUNSTON, MUST UNDERGO AT THE HANDS OF HIS TYRANNICAL FATHER.... May have dust spotting on top edge from shelf storage over time.; 1 x 8.4 x 5.8 Inches; 186 pages; Signed by Author 
Price: 11.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
13 Felt, Joseph B. History of Ipswich, Essex, and Hamilton by Joseph B. Felt (2015-09-27)
Forgotten Books 1674 Reprint; First Impression Paperback Very Good with no dust jacket 
Looks new. Blue cover gold print. Reprint of the 1834 printing. ; Classic Reprint 
Price: 24.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
Lucinda, Fisher, Harrison
14 Fisher, Harrison Lucinda
Harrison Fisher 1907 First Edition; First Impression Other Very Good with no dust jacket Illustrated by Author Signed by Illustrator
Signed by Fisher with his distinct style. Has backing board suitable for framing. Harrison Fisher (July 27, 1875 or 1877 – January 19, 1934) was an American illustrator.Fisher was born in Brooklyn, New York City and began to draw at an early age. Both his father and his grandfather were artists. Fisher spent much of his youth in San Francisco, and studied at the San Francisco Art Association. In 1898, he moved back to New York and began his career as a newspaper and magazine illustrator. He became known particularly for his drawings of women, which won him acclaim as the successor of Charles Dana Gibson. Together with fellow artists Howard Chandler Christy and Neysa McMein, he constituted the Motion Picture Classic magazine's, "Fame and Fortune" contest jury of 1921/1922, who discovered the It-girl, Clara Bow. Fisher's work appeared regularly on the cover of Cosmopolitan magazine from the early 1900s until his death. In archival sleeve to protect present condition ; Prints; Print; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 1 pages; Signed by Illustrator 
Price: 99.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
Serene Thoughts, Fisher, Harrison
15 Fisher, Harrison Serene Thoughts
Harrison Fisher N.D. First Edition; First Impression Other Very Good with no dust jacket Illustrated by Author Signed by Illustrator
Signed by Fisher with his distinct style, but very hard to read. Date is not clear. Has backing board suitable for framing. Non-book, print by Harrison Fisher (July 27, 1875 or 1877 – January 19, 1934) was an American illustrator.Fisher was born in Brooklyn, New York City and began to draw at an early age. Both his father and his grandfather were artists. Fisher spent much of his youth in San Francisco, and studied at the San Francisco Art Association. In 1898, he moved back to New York and began his career as a newspaper and magazine illustrator. He became known particularly for his drawings of women, which won him acclaim as the successor of Charles Dana Gibson. Together with fellow artists Howard Chandler Christy and Neysa McMein, he constituted the Motion Picture Classic magazine's, "Fame and Fortune" contest jury of 1921/1922, who discovered the It-girl, Clara Bow. Fisher's work appeared regularly on the cover of Cosmopolitan magazine from the early 1900s until his death. In archival sleeve to protect present condition ; Prints; Color Print; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 1 pages; Signed by Illustrator 
Price: 99.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
The Dual, Fisher, Harrison
16 Fisher, Harrison The Dual
Harrison Fisher 1907 First Edition; First Impression Other Very Good with no dust jacket Illustrated by Author Signed by Illustrator
Signed by Fisher with his distinct style. Has backing board suitable for framing. Harrison Fisher (July 27, 1875 or 1877 – January 19, 1934) was an American illustrator.Fisher was born in Brooklyn, New York City and began to draw at an early age. Both his father and his grandfather were artists. Fisher spent much of his youth in San Francisco, and studied at the San Francisco Art Association. In 1898, he moved back to New York and began his career as a newspaper and magazine illustrator.He became known particularly for his drawings of women, which won him acclaim as the successor of Charles Dana Gibson. Together with fellow artists Howard Chandler Christy and Neysa McMein, he constituted the Motion Picture Classic magazine's, "Fame and Fortune" contest jury of 1921/1922, who discovered the It-girl, Clara Bow. Fisher's work appeared regularly on the cover of Cosmopolitan magazine from the early 1900s until his death. In archival sleeve to protect present condition ; Prints; Color Print; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 1 pages; Signed by Illustrator 
Price: 99.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
The Last Waltz, Fisher, Harrison
17 Fisher, Harrison The Last Waltz
Harrison Fisher 1907 First Edition; First Impression Other Very Good with no dust jacket Illustrated by Author Signed by Illustrator
The Last Waltz print and poem that accompanies the print. "Play on, O fairy strain, too soon Will silence break the spell, How sad, how sweet the last dear waltz Before we say farewell." Artist signed. Has backing board suitable for framing. Harrison Fisher (July 27, 1875 or 1877 – January 19, 1934) was an American illustrator.Fisher was born in Brooklyn, New York City and began to draw at an early age. Both his father and his grandfather were artists. Fisher spent much of his youth in San Francisco, and studied at the San Francisco Art Association. In 1898, he moved back to New York and began his career as a newspaper and magazine illustrator. He became known particularly for his drawings of women, which won him acclaim as the successor of Charles Dana Gibson. Together with fellow artists Howard Chandler Christy and Neysa McMein, he constituted the Motion Picture Classic magazine's, "Fame and Fortune" contest jury of 1921/1922, who discovered the It-girl, Clara Bow. Fisher's work appeared regularly on the cover of Cosmopolitan magazine from the early 1900s until his death.In archival sleeve to protect present condition; Prints; Color Print; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 1 pages; Signed by Illustrator 
Price: 99.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
The Nightengale, Fisher, Harrison
18 Fisher, Harrison The Nightengale
Harrison Fisher 1907 First Edition; First Impression Other Very Good with no dust jacket Illustrated by Author Signed by Illustrator
Signed by Fisher with his distinct style. Has backing board suitable for framing. Harrison Fisher (July 27, 1875 or 1877 – January 19, 1934) was an American illustrator.Fisher was born in Brooklyn, New York City and began to draw at an early age. Both his father and his grandfather were artists Fisher spent much of his youth in San Francisco, and studied at the San Francisco Art Association. In 1898, he moved back to New York and began his career as a newspaper and magazine illustrator. He became known particularly for his drawings of women, which won him acclaim as the successor of Charles Dana Gibson. Together with fellow artists Howard Chandler Christy and Neysa McMein, he constituted the Motion Picture Classic magazine's, "Fame and Fortune" contest jury of 1921/1922, who discovered the It-girl, Clara Bow Fisher's work appeared regularly on the cover of Cosmopolitan magazine from the early 1900s until his death.In archival sleeve to protect present condition.; Prints; Color Print; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 1 pages; Signed by Illustrator 
Price: 99.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
The Nun's Vow, Fisher, Harrison
19 Fisher, Harrison The Nun's Vow
Harrison Fisher 1907 First Edition; First Impression Other Very Good with no dust jacket Illustrated by Author Signed by Illustrator
Harrison Fisher (July 27, 1875 or 1877 – January 19, 1934) was an American illustrator.Fisher was born in Brooklyn, New York City and began to draw at an early age. Both his father and his grandfather were artists.[1] Fisher spent much of his youth in San Francisco, and studied at the San Francisco Art Association. In 1898, he moved back to New York and began his career as a newspaper and magazine illustrator.[1] He became known particularly for his drawings of women, which won him acclaim as the successor of Charles Dana Gibson. Together with fellow artists Howard Chandler Christy and Neysa McMein, he constituted the Motion Picture Classic magazine's, "Fame and Fortune" contest jury of 1921/1922, who discovered the It-girl, Clara Bow.[2] Fisher's work appeared regularly on the cover of Cosmopolitan magazine from the early 1900s until his death. In archival sleeve to protect present condition. ; Prints; Print; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 1 pages; Signed by Illustrator 
Price: 99.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
 
Keswickism, Godbey, W.B.
20 Godbey, W.B. Keswickism
Louisville, KY Pentecostal Publishing Co. ca 1900 First Edition; First Impression Paperback Good with no dust jacket 
Booklet's cover is detached and has chips. Contents complete. Rare work by Godbey on Keswickism. Rare if not unique. This booklet is protected by an archival quality sleeve to maintain present condition. We provide delivery tracking on US orders. Booklet Possibly no publication date in item. Wesleyan and Keswick Models of SanctificationRelated MediaI. IntroductionMuch of contemporary Evangelicalism is indebted in some way to John Wesley and his theological understanding of the Christian Life, or Sanctification. Wesleyanism, various varieties of Holiness Theologies, Keswick, Deeper Life, Higher life, Victorious Life Theologies all have their root in Wesley’s teaching concerning the Christian life. Wesleyan and Keswick Models of SanctificationRelated MediaI. IntroductionMuch of contemporary Evangelicalism is indebted in some way to John Wesley and his theological understanding of the Christian Life, or Sanctification. Wesleyanism, various varieties of Holiness Theologies, Keswick, Deeper Life, Higher life, Victorious Life Theologies all have their root in Wesley’s teaching concerning the Christian life.II. Wesley and WesleyanismA. Wesley & SanctificationIn the theology of John Wesley one finds a new direction, distinct both from Reformed and classic Arminianism Wesley built his understanding of the nature of man solidly upon the Reformed position of original sin, and the subsequent necessity of divine grace for salvation. Here however he parted company with the reformers and injected the doctrine of prevenient grace, (all men have received of the Holy Spirit the ability to respond to God) into his understanding of the doctrine of salvation. Wesley rejected the Reformed concept of election , opting instead for the Arminian concept of conditional election. Thus he joined the Reformed doctrine of the total sinfulness of the individual and the primacy of grace with the Arminian stress on human freedom, with its subsequent moral obligations. But his doctrine of Sanctification was not traditional Arminianism Wesley was also heavily influenced by the mystics. Packer has observed that he superimposed“on the Augustinianism of the Anglican prayer book and the heaven aspiring High Church moralist in which he was reared a concept of perfection . . . that he had learned from the Greek Patristic sources. “Macarius the Egyptian” . . . and Ephraem Syrus were chief among these. There idea of perfection was not of sinlessness, but of an ever deepening process of all around moral change. To this idea Wesley then added the lesson he had learned form those whom he called the “mystic writers” (a category including the Anglican William Law, the Roman Catholics Molinos, Fenelon, Gaston de Renty, Francis de Sales, and Madame Guyon, the Lutheran Pietist Francke, and the pre-reformation Theologia Gremanica) The lesson was that the heart of true godliness is a motivating spirit of love to God and man; without this all religion is hollow and empty. (Keep In Step with the Spirit,134)Wesley asserted the primacy of justification, and the assurance the believer could have based upon the righteousness of Christ. However, his Arminian view of election creeps into his view of final salvation. He views the process of Sanctification as one of making the individual worthy of salvation. This process is a work of God, but it is also a work of man. At this point a synergism appears. At one point he explicitly states that good works are a condition of final justification which he regards as necessary for final salvation (Lindstrom, 207)B. Developments within WesleyanismAs Wesleyanism took root in America, it was institutionalized in the context of the circuit rider and revivalism. This had profound results on the form of the teaching. As early as 1784 Francis Asbury advocated preaching the experience of entire sanctification as one which believers should expect immediately by faith. Revivalism emphasized definable turning points in a Christian’s life as essential. Holiness preaching tended to center around Wesley’s sanctification teaching of a second crisis experience subsequent to justification which was commonly termed entire sanctification. From this followed it followed that it was the duty of those who had experienced entire sanctification to confess it and seek to bring others into this experience.As Methodism became respectable, there was a call for a return to the pure doctrine of Wesley. In the latter part of the nineteenth century the National holiness Association was born to promote Wesleyan-holiness theology. Three names are prominent in the promulgation of holiness theology: Phobe Palmer; William Boardman; and Hannah Whitehall Smith.Phobe Palmer’s emphasis becomes key here. Although she says nothing that Wesley did not say a century before, she changes the Wesleyan emphasis subtly, and injects presuppositions foreign to Wesley. Whereas with Wesley the experience of perfection was something to be sought, for Palmer it was vital for continuance of salvation. For Palmer the crisis was vital. Perfection was the beginning of the Christian life and growth in holiness and the focal point of the Christian life. The focus of sanctification tended to be wholly upon a single point of wholehearted commitment, and divorced from any gradual process. “Thus, the moment of death to self and birth to love readily became an end in itself--a goal rather than an essential element in the establishment of a new relationship of freedom and love in the hearts of believers as the Holy Spirit led them from grace to grace in the will of God. (Dieter, 41)C. Key PropositionsSecond Work Of Grace.For the holiness proponents particularly the second work of grace became vital for retaining one’s salvation. Palmer particularly sees justification as dependent upon the believer’s faithfulness. she states:“As I ascended the heavenly way, clearer light shone upon my mind, revealing higher duties, requiring more of the spirit of sacrifice, and furnishing yet stronger tests of obedience. but with increasing light, increasing strength was given, enabling me to be answerable to these higher duties: for I had not learned how to retain justification while under condemnation at the same time for neglecting known duties.”For Palmer the solution lay in sanctification, envisioned as a post conversion crisis. She termed this a crisis because for her the issue was the retention or loss of justification. again she states:“I saw I could not; I must either make the necessary sacrifices, or I must sin, and by my sin forfeit my state of justification. And here my justification would have ended with me had I refused to be holy.”Thus, the second work of grace is really the basis of one’s continuance in salvation.The means of achieving this second work of grace is conceived of as an act of faith akin to the act of faith involved in justification. William Boardman notes:“Whether the question relates to justification or sanctification, the answer is the same. The way of freedom from sin is the same as the way of freedom from condemnation. . . faith in the purifying presence of Jesus.” (Higher Christian Life, 81)This same mentality persists to this day. in the Spring of 1986 I attended a Sanctification Conference sponsored by the C&MA in Piedmont CA. The keynote speaker, the president of the denomination began his first sermon with the words, “There are two gospels, the gospel of justification is for the sinner, the gospel of sanctification for the saint.” Justification is seen as delivering from the penalty of sin, sanctification is seen to deliver from the power of sin.For Boardman, this work of grace is a mystical inauguration into a process:“In the one, atonement has been made, and the moment it is accepted, pardon is complete; in the other, although the righteousness of Christ is perfect in which the soul is to be clothed, yet the work of unfolding . . . is a work of time and progress.” (40)Hannah Whitehall Smith propounds the basic teaching of holiness theology by bifurcating justification and sanctification. Her contribution, no doubt reflecting her Quaker background was the injection of a quietism into the process. She envisions the process as an entire surrender to the Lord, and a perfect trust in Him. She envisions three steps to the process:(1) The Christian must realize the gift of God.“In order therefore to enter into a practical experience of this interior life, the soul must be in a receptive attitude, fully recognizing that it is God’s gift in Christ Jesus.” (The Christian’s Secret of a Happy Life, 47)(2) Consecration is necessary.She states that the soul must be abandoned to God and lie passive in His hands (47) “To some minds the word ‘abandonment might express this idea better than the word consecration. But whatever word we use, we mean an entire surrender of the whole being to God--spirit soul and body placed under his absolute control, for Him to do with us as He pleases.”(3) Faith then follows surrender.“Love may be lavished upon us by another without stint or measure, but until we believe we are that we are loved, it never really becomes ours.” (51) She concludes: “In order to enter into this blessed interior life of rest and triumph, you have to take two steps--first entire abandonment; and second absolute faith. (52-54)While, holiness theologies come in many varieties and with various emphases, they all make the crucial disjuncture between justification, appropriated by faith and securing pardon form sin and sanctification/crisis/second work of grace/baptism by the spirit as a post conversion faith experience which breaks the power of sin.Sinlessness:In Wesley’s mind sin was primarily voluntary and was thus intimately bound up with the will. In a sermon on 1 John 3:9 speaking of the privilege of sinlessness he defined sin in a wholly voluntary manner.By sin I here understand outward sin, according to the plain common acceptation [sic] of the word; an actual, voluntary, transgression of the law of God; and of any commandment of God, acknowledged to be such, at the time it is transgressed.Elsewhere speaking of the nature of sin he declared:Not only sin, properly so called, (that is, a voluntary transgression of a known law) but sin, improperly so called, (that is an involuntary transgression of a divine law, known or unknown) needs the atoning blood.I believe there is no such perfection in this life as excludes these involuntary transgressions which I apprehend to be naturally consequent on the ignorance and mistakes inseparable from mortality.Therefore sinless perfection is a phrase I never use, lest I should seem to contradict myself.I believe a person filled with the love of God is still liable to these involuntary transgressions.Such transgressions you may call sin, if you please: I do not, for the reasons above-mentioned. (Works: “A Plain Account of Christian Perfection,” 19 (XI, 396)Wesley’s hamartiology “emphasized the willful or spiritual dimensions of sin more than the outward (moral) or cognitive (theoretical knowledge) aspects of it. Sinlessness in this context was more a matter of willing God’s will than replicating God’s perfect knowledge, action, or holiness; sin was more a matter of knowledgeable and willful rebellion against God’s will than a failure or lack of conformity to the glory of God.” (John Tyson, Charles Wesley on Sanctification (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986) 257.)Christian Perfection:John Wesley saw Christian perfection which was available to all believers in this life as a gift from God and to be accomplished in a moment in time Christian Perfection is that love of God and our neighbor, which implies deliverance from all sin. That this is received merely by faith That it is given instantaneously, in one moment. That we are to expect it, not at death, but at any moment; that is, now is the accepted time, now is the day of this salvationJohn Wesley was adamant about the instantaneous nature of this perfection/sanctification. His brother Charles however more and more brought the process to the forefront as the years progressed.Wesley himself drew up a list of ten propositions concerning perfection which teach a progress-crisis-progress as a model for Christian perfection. In these propositions it can clearly be seen that Wesley does not understand the term teleios in the sense of mature (BAG,187) but rather in the sense of his own definition of sinlessness. There is such a thing as perfection: for it is again and again mentioned in Scripture. It is not so early as justification: for justified persons are to “go on to maturity.” (Heb. 6:1) It is not so late as death; for St. Paul speaks of living men that were perfect (Phil. 3:15) It is not absolute. Absolute perfection belongs not to man, nor to angels, but to God alone. It does not make a man infallible: None is infallible, while he remains in the body. It is sinless? It is not worthwhile to contend for a term. It is ‘salvation from sin.’ It is ‘perfect love.’ (I John 4:18) This is the essence of it; its properties, or inseparable fruits, are, rejoicing evermore, praying without ceasing, and in everything giving thanks. (I Thess. 5:16, etc.) It is improvable. It is so far from lying in an indivisible point, from being incapable of increase, that one perfected in love may grow in grace far swifter than he did before. It is amissible, capable of being lost; of which we have numerous instances. But we were not thoroughly convinced of this, till five or six years ago. It is constantly both preceded and followed by a gradual work.” (WORKS: “A Plain Account of Christian Perfection,” 25 (XI, 441-42)).As can be seen from the above quoted propositions, for Wesley perfection was not the equivalent of maturity, but it was to be equated with sinlessness (i.e. voluntary transgression), or love. He explained perfection elsewhere as “perfect love.” “I want you to be all love. This is the perfection I believe and teach.” He was careful not to set perfection too high, recognizing the dangers of “high-strained perfection” which he said led to a thousand nervous disorders. Such high-strained perfection (“so high as no man we have ever heard or read of attained [it]”) would have the unexpected result of driving Christian perfection out of the world.Entire Sanctification:This is “a personal, definitive work of God’s sanctifying grace by which the war within oneself might cease and the heart be fully released from rebellion into wholehearted love for God and others.” (Dieter, 17) This experience has negative and positive benefits. Negatively, it is seen as a cleansing of the heart, which heals the remaining systemic damage from Adam’s transgression. Positively, it, it is a freedom, “a turning of the whole heart toward God in love to seek and to know His will, which becomes the soul’s delight.” (Dieter, 18) Wesley listed the benefits of this sanctification: To love God with all one’s heart and one’s neighbor as oneself; To have the mind that is in Christ; To bear the fruit of the Spirit (in accordance with Gal. 5); The restoration of the image of God in the soul, a recovery of man to the moral image of God, which consists of righteousness and true holiness”; 5.Inward and outward righteousness, “holiness of life issuing from the heart”; God’s sanctifying of the person in spirit, soul and body; The person’s own perfect consecration to God; A continuous presentation through Jesus of the individual’s thoughts, words and actions as a sacrifice to God of praise and thanksgiving; Salvation from all sin. (Wesley, sermon “On Perfection”, Works 6, 413-15.)D. Scriptural SupportWesleyans claim that they approach Scripture holistically and do not rely on proof-texts for their doctrine, and that the holistic teaching of Scripture, its warp and woof, supports their doctrine of Sanctification. Nevertheless there are several passages which form the matrix of their understanding of the nature of sanctification. These include:Deut. 30:6Ezekiel 35:-26, 29Matt. 5:8, 48; 6;10Rom 2:29Rom 12:1-2 Therefore I urge you brothers, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God--this is your spiritual act of worship.Phoebe Palmer a leader in the revival of Wesleyanism in the late 19th century gives a typical holiness exposition of this passage, placing it in the context of the altar of Exodus 29:37. According to Palmer, Christ is the believers altar. Since according to Exodus everything that touched the altar is holy, every Christian who was willing by faith to present himself without reservation as a living sacrifice upon the altar of the finished work of Christ would be entirely sanctified and cleansed from all sin. (Dieter, 39)2 Cor 3:17-18; 7:1Gal 2:20Ephesians 3:14-29; 5:27Phil 3:151 Thess. 5:23Titus 2:11-14;Heb. 6:1; 7:25; 10:14John 8:34-36;John 17:20-23:Commenting on the John 17 passage, Mildred Wynkoop has noted parallels with Ephesians 4:Jesus had in mind a spiritually unified body of believersThat would bring glory to Himself.He died to sanctify them. Al other elements of redemption were included but incidental to this.Sanctification was in word and in truth. This “word” obviously not the Scripture primarily, but was found in living fellowship with the living Word, who is himself Truth.The commission was accompanied by a moral fitness--for the unity of the spirit indicated in both passages is moral clear through.(Wynkoop Theology of Love, 320, cited by Dieter, 32)1 John 1:51 John 7-91 John 2:61 John 3:31 John 3:8-10In commenting on this passage Wesley based his whole thesis upon his definition if sin as voluntary transgression. (see above), James 1:4E. CritiqueRedefinition Of Terminology:The Reformed have for centuries taken Wesley to task for teaching sinless perfection. While this charge is not really accurate, for the reasons shown above, Wesley himself must bear the blame for this charge because of his own redefinition of terms. Packer notes:It was indeed confusing for Wesley to give the name perfection to a state which from many standpoints was one of continued imperfection. It was yet more confusing that he should define sin “properly so called”, subjectively, as “voluntary transgression of a known law,” rather than objectively, as failure, whether conscious or unconscious, voluntary or involuntary, to conform to God’s revealed standards. It was supremely confusing when he let himself speak of sanctified persons as being without sin ( because they were not consciously breaking any known law) while at the same time affirming that they need the blood of Christ every moment to cover their actual shortcomings. Wesley himself insisted that by the objective standard of God’s “perfect law,” every sanctified sinner needs pardon every day; that makes it seem perverse of him also to have insisted on stating his view of the higher Christian life in terms of being perfect and not sinning.Unrealistic Theological Rationale:Wesley at least saw the experience of perfection uprooting and eradicating sinful desire from the heart. His understanding saw this not only as a change in the moral nature but as effecting some kind of a physical change as well. (see Packer 140-141) This thread of Wesley’s teaching has been picked up by such groups as the church of the Nazarene in its teaching of the eradication of the sin nature.Spiritual Elitism:The injection of a second work of grace into the Christian life also leads to a spiritual elitism on the part of those who have attained this “higher life.” There is a subtle tendency to look down patronizingly upon those who have not had this experience. (One of my former students at Simpson recently told me he was going to write an article entitled, “my life as a second class Christian”!)Dangers of Legalism:Particularly in the holiness groups, the Wesleyan concept of perfection as perfect love was exchanged for what Wesley called “high-strained” perfectionism which seeks the absolute perfection of God. To achieve this high standard, sin was redefined in terms of external acts and equated with cultural norms e.g. smoking, drinking, dancing, hair length, makeup, movies. Richard Lovelace speaks eloquently to this problem. . “. .. the conscience cannot accept sanctification unless it is based in a foundation in justification. When this is attempted the resulting insecurity creates a luxuriant overgrowth of religious flesh as believers seek to build a holiness formidable enough to pacify their consciences and quiet their sense of alienation from God. (The Dynamics of Spiritual Life, 104,) “The fully enlightened conscience cannot be pacified by any amount of grace inherent in our lives, since that always falls short of the perfection demanded by God’s law. . . such a conscience is forced to draw back into the relative darkness of self-deception. Either it manufactures a fictitious righteousness in heroic works of ascetic piety, or it redefines sin in shallow terms so that it can lose the consciousness of its presence.” (99)Problems With Exegesis:Wesley’s Scriptural proof of his doctrine (see above) consist of either promises and calls to holiness (with affirmations that God will indeed finally deliver his people from sin) or they are statements of accomplished deliverance which the believer possesses now. “Wesley affirms that the promises find fulfillment in total and absolute terms in this life and appeals to declarations, along with the prayers and commands, to buttress his conclusions.” (Packer, 139). In short he falls victim to a totally realized eschatology rather than seeing the tension of an “already but not yet” with reference to the Christian life.Protestations notwithstanding . . .Wesley in his own life did not rely upon justification for his acceptance before God. He looked to his state of Sanctification and there found that he was less than perfect. This caused him doubt of his salvation.On October 14, 1738 he wrote, “I cannot find in myself the love of God, or of Christ. Hence my deadness and wanderings in public prayer...Again: I find I have not that joy in the Holy Ghost.”On January 4, 1739 he wrote, “My friends affirm I am mad, because I said I was not a Christian a year ago. I affirm I am not a Christian now. Indeed, what I might have been I know not....Though I have constantly used all means of grace for twenty years, I am not a Christian.”On June 27, 1766 he wrote to Charles Wesley, “. . . and yet (this is the mystery) I do not love God. I never did. Therefore I never believed in the Christian sense of the word. Therefore I am only an honest heathen.”Comment by P.T. Forsythe :“It is a fatal mistake to think of holiness as a possession we have distinct from our faith and conferred upon it. That is a Catholic idea, still saturating Protestant Pietism. (see also Dieter, 14.)III. KeswickWith Keswick one finds a different situation than with the Holiness Movement. Whereas Wesleyan holiness theology is traceable directly to Wesley and has clearly identifiable tenets, Keswick is much more amorphous and comes in many varieties from the strict Keswick of a Major Ian Thomas, John Hunter, Alan Redpath and the Torchbearers fellowship to the milder Keswick of Campus Crusade For Christ and Moody Bible Institute and other respected Evangelical educational institutions. Whereas Holiness theology has tended to dominate in Arminian circles, Keswick has tended to dominate American Evangelicalism of a more Calvinistic bent. Indeed Packer asserts that it has become standard in virtually all of Evangelicalism except confessional Reformed and Lutheran.(151)A. Keswick OriginsIdeological roots: Holiness TheologyCharles Finney & Oberlin TheologyPhobe Palmer & Entire DevotionWilliam Boardman & The Higher Christian LifeHannah Whitehall Smith & The Christian Secret of a Happy LifeHistoric Origins:The term Keswick derives its name from a small community in the Lake district of England. In the wake of the Moody-Sankey campaigns there was an increased thirst for personal holiness and spiritual victory in the lives of many English Evangelicals. T. D. Harford-Battersby, vicar of Keswick was such a man. He had attended the Oxford meetings led by Robert Pearsall Smith and William Boardman 1874. (Bible.org) ; 12mo 7" - 7½" tall; 63 pages 
Price: 49.97 USD
Add to Shopping Cart
 
  1  2  NEXT >  


Questions, comments, or suggestions
Please write to [email protected]
Copyright©2020. All Rights Reserved.
Powered by ChrisLands.com

 

 

cookie