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1 Genealogical Newsletter Winter 1962, Vol 8 #4
1962 First Edition; First Impression Paperback Very Good with no dust jacket 
We provide delivery tracking on US orders. ; Vol. 8 #4 
Price: 9.97 USD
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The Devil's Own Rag Doll  (Author Signed), Bartoy, Mitchell
2 Bartoy, Mitchell The Devil's Own Rag Doll (Author Signed)
St. Martin's Minotaur 2005 0312340885 / 9780312340889 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Near Fine in Near Fine dust jacket Signed by Author
Signed by author on title page. Dust Jacket now in Mylar Protective Cover.1940+s Detroit: the war effort is in full swing and racial tensions are running high. When a vivacious white heiress is murdered in the black part of town, the city threatens to erupt into mob violence, bringing the factories to a grinding halt and imperiling Allied forces around the world. Newly minted Detective Pete Caudill is charged with covering up the crime in the interests of civic peace and finding some kind of justice for the dead girl. Odds are the girl was killed by her black boyfriend, but some whisper of a communist plot. Or is Detroit+s shadowy political machine manipulating events to its own ruthless ends? As he delves deeper, Caudill soon learns the hard way that friends are rarely what they seem, family ties are often deceptive, and sometimes the bravest thing a man can do is think for himself. Beautiful scarce collectors grade copy of this book. ; 1.2 x 8.4 x 5.6 Inches; 304 pages; p; Signed by Author 
Price: 12.97 USD
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Richelieu; a Study, by Hilaire Belloc;  with 7 Illustrations and 4 Maps, Belloc, Hilaire
3 Belloc, Hilaire Richelieu; a Study, by Hilaire Belloc; with 7 Illustrations and 4 Maps
Philadelphia PA J. B. Lippincott & Co. 1929 Second Edition; First Impression Hardcover Good with no dust jacket 
Black cover with red lettering. Endpapers and a few pages show brown spotting due to age. "Cardinal Armand Jean du Plessis, 1st Duke of Richelieu and Fronsac; 9 September 1585 – 4 December 1642), commonly referred to as Cardinal Richelieu (French: Cardinal de Richelieu [ka?dinal d(?) ?i?(?)ljø]), was a French clergyman, nobleman, and statesman. He was consecrated as a bishop in 1607 and was appointed Foreign Secretary in 1616. Richelieu soon rose in both the Catholic Church and the French government, becoming a cardinal in 1622, and King Louis XIII's chief minister in 1624. He remained in office until his death in 1642. (Wikipedia) ; Photographs, Maps; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 385 pages 
Price: 12.97 USD
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4 Chappel, Bernice M. In the Palm of the Mitten A Memory Book of the Early 1900's
Brighton, MI Great Lakes Books 1981 0960640002 / 9780960640003 First Edition; Various Paperback Very Good with no dust jacket Signed by Author
Blue paperback with white lettering. Very clean contents and overall condition. Signed by Ms. Chappel on dedication page. Numerous photos. Excellent historical reference and genealogical resource. Scarce. ; 0.9 x 8.4 x 5.3 Inches; 271 pages; Signed by Author 
Price: 35.97 USD
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The Machine Gun, Vol. 1 History Evolution and Development of Manual, Automatic, and Airborne Repeating Weapons, Chinn, George M.
5 Chinn, George M. The Machine Gun, Vol. 1 History Evolution and Development of Manual, Automatic, and Airborne Repeating Weapons
Bureau of Ordnance, Department of the Navy 1951 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Fair with no dust jacket 
Blue cover gold lettering. Vol 1. only. Front hinge cracked but not detached. Contents clean. Former owners name on front endpaper. George Morgan Chinn (January 15, 1902 – September 4, 1987) was an American weapons expert and soldier. He attended Centre College.Bill Bright said of him "He did for military weapons what Wozniak and Gates did for computers. He added the right pieces to make them reliable and usable. He was what was then called a garage (in his case, cave) inventor." ; Vol. 1; Photographs, illustrations; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 688 pages 
Price: 39.97 USD
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The Cathedral Shrine of the Transfiguration and Shrine Mont, Cleaveland, George Julius
6 Cleaveland, George Julius The Cathedral Shrine of the Transfiguration and Shrine Mont
Printed at Shenandoah Pub. House 1972 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Very Good with No dust jacket as issued 
Green cloth cover with gilt print. Looks new except for former owners name in front. ; 8.90 X 4.50 X 0.60 inches; 131 pages 
Price: 8.97 USD
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Settlers of Maryland, 1679-1700, Coldham, Peter Wilson
7 Coldham, Peter Wilson Settlers of Maryland, 1679-1700
Baltimore, MD Genealogical Publishing Co. 1995 080631477x / 9780806314778 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover As New with No dust jacket as issued 
Hardcover edition, 1995. Green cover with gold print. Settlers of Maryland 1679-1700 extends Gust Skordas's renowned Early Settlers of Maryland through the last quarter of the 17th century Extracted from the Hall of Records, Annapolis. This book contains the surname, the County abbreviation (corresponding name in the introduction p. x), Name of the tract, acreage, date, and reference numbers to the numbered folios in the Land Office Registers. There is also a full index with corresponding page numbers by Tract. On balance, this is one of the most original contributions to Maryland genealogy. "Peter Wilson Coldham, FASG (1926 – 2012 in London), was a British genealogist. He was noted as "distinguished scholar of colonial American immigration." Wikipedia ; 0.6 x 8.4 x 5.5 Inches; 246 pages; Settlers of Maryland 1679-1700 extends Gust Skordas's renowned Early Settlers of Maryland through the last quarter of the 17th century, identifying several thousand immigrants and their colorfully named tracts. Based on the same series of records as Skordas--Land Office books on file at the Hall of Records in Annapolis--the entries in this work are arranged by family name, county, name of tract granted, acreage, date, and reference to original source(s). Tract names often suggest English places familiar to the settler--perhaps places of origin or residence--and they are so many and so various that an index of tract names has been appended to the book. On balance, this is one of the most original contributions to Maryland genealogy in years. 
Price: 39.97 USD
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The case of Richard Sorge, Deakin, F.W. and G.R.Storry
8 Deakin, F.W. and G.R.Storry The case of Richard Sorge
Harper &Row 1966 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Very Good in Very Good dust jacket 
Rare hardcover first edition (stated). Richard Sorge (October 4, 1895 – November 7, 1944) was a Soviet military intelligence officer, active before and during World War II, working as an undercover German journalist in both Nazi Germany and the Empire of Japan. His codename was "Ramsay". A number of famous personalities considered him one of the most accomplished spies. Sorge is most famous for his service in Japan in 1940 and 1941, when he provided information about Adolf Hitler's plan to attack the Soviet Union. ; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 373 pages 
Price: 11.97 USD
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Essays, Biographical, Critical and Historical, illustrative of the Tatler, Spectator, and Guardian. In three Volumes, Drake, Nathan
9 Drake, Nathan Essays, Biographical, Critical and Historical, illustrative of the Tatler, Spectator, and Guardian. In three Volumes
London Printed by C. Whittingham for John Sharpe, Opposite York House, Piccadilly 1805 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Fair with no dust jacket 
Complete three volume set. Leather bindings are very worn with cracks in the leather and cracked hinges and chips. Volume 1 cover is detached, but otherwise complete. Gold inlay decorative border to bindings. Corners and edges worn. Books are in fair to good condition otherwise. Contents complete, tight bindings, and marbled endpapers. Some foxing to tissue sheets covering engravings and to pages opposite title page.. Engravings throughout. The Tatler, The Spectator, and The Guardian were products of a "New Age" of journalism in 18th Century England. They were "news-sheets" were circulated in coffee houses of London where men met to share and discuss the news and opinions of the day. They cost two pense to buy but were free to those wo paid the penny admission to enter a coffee house. These houses became known as "Penny Universities". The papers were founded by Joseph Addison and Richard Steele. Nathan Drake was Born in Yorkshire, and took his M.D. from Edinburgh in 1789 and practiced medicine at Sudbury (1790-92) and Hadleigh, Suffolk (1792-1836). He was a popular essayist and an early advocate of German literature. He is remembered for his vast compendium of information on Elizabethan writers, Shakespeare and His Times (1817). This work includes essays and biographical sketches on those in literature. Rare complete set. Drake's publications included: The speculator [ed. Drake and W. Frend]. 1791.Literary hours: or sketches critical and narrative. 1798; 2 vols, 1800, 3 vols, 1804, 1820.The old abbey tale, in Canterbury tales. 1802.Essays biographical, critical, and historical, illustrative of the Tatler, Spectator, and Guardian. 3 vols, 1805.Rochester Castle; or Gudulph's Tower. A gothic tale. 1810.The gleaner: a series of periodical essays, selected and arranged from scarce and neglected volumes. 4 vols, 1811.Shakespeare and his times. 2 vols, 1817.Winter nights: or fire-side lucubrations. 2 vols, 1820.Evenings in autumn: a series of essays. 2 vols, 1822.Noontide leisure: or sketches in summer, including a tale of the days of Shakespeare. 2 vols, 1824.Mornings in spring: or retrospections biographical, critical, and historical. 2 vols, 1828.Memorials of Shakespeare: or sketches of his character and genius by various writers. 1828.The harp of Judah: or songs of Sion, being a metrical translation of the Psalms. 1837. ; Vol. 123; Engravings; 8vo 8" - 9" tall 
Price: 179.97 USD
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Booked to Die   A Mystery Introducing Cliff Janeway (Author Signed), Dunning, John
10 Dunning, John Booked to Die A Mystery Introducing Cliff Janeway (Author Signed)
New York, Toronto Charles Scribner's Sons 1992 0684193833 / 9780684193830 First Edition; Fourth Printing Hardcover As New in Near Fine dust jacket Signed by Author
First edition, 4th printing. Number line is (10987654). Inscribed and signed by Author on Title Page. "To Terry, Best Wishes, John Dunning 4-23-95". Beautiful scarce collectors grade copy of this book. Dust Jacket (not price clipped) now in Mylar Protective Cover. Clean with no markings, tight binding. Convinced that elusive psychopath Jackie Newton is responsible for a rare book dealer's murder, homicide detective Cliff Janeway loses his badge in a act of off-duty justice and infiltrates the rare book underworld. Book 1 of 5 in the Janeway novel series. John Dunning (born January 9, 1942) is an American writer of non-fiction and detective fiction. He is known for his reference books on old-time radio and his series of mysteries featuring Denver bookseller and ex-policeman Cliff Janeway. Scarce in this condition. ; 1.3 x 8.4 x 5.5 Inches; 288 pages; p; Signed by Author 
Price: 87.97 USD
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The Military History of World War II, Volume 1-11 and 14-18, Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt, Col., Retired
11 Dupuy, Trevor Nevitt, Col., Retired The Military History of World War II, Volume 1-11 and 14-18
Franklin Watts, Inc. 1962 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Very Good with No dust jacket as issued 
Not the Complete set. Missing volumes 12 & 13. Red covers with photo insets and white and/or black lettering. May have minor rubs to edges and/ or corners. Contents clean and tight. No dust (as issued) as covers have stunning images appropriate to subject.. 1. European Land Battles 1939-1943 2. European Land Battles 1944-1945 3. Land Battles: N. Africa, Sicily, and Italy 4. The Naval War in the West: The Raiders 5. The Naval War in the West: The Wolf Packs 6.The Air War in the West: Sept.1939-May 1941 7. The Air War in the West: June 1941-April 1945 8. Expansion of Japan in Asia 9. Japanese ambitions in the Pacific 10. Allied Victories in China and Burma 11. The Air War in the Pacific: air power leads the way 14. The Air war in the Pacific: Victory in the air 15. European Resistance Movements 16. Asian and Axis Resistance Movements 17. Combat Leaders of World War II 18. Strategic Direction of World War II These books are written to give a brief overview and history of the battles or conflicts with photos, maps, and diagrams. They are not extensive accounts, but give a concise account of the subjects covered. The author was Born in New York, the son of noted military historian, R. Ernest Dupuy, attended West Point, graduating in the class of 1938. During World War II he commanded a U.S. Army artillery battalion, a Chinese artillery group, and an artillery detachment from the British 36th Infantry Division. It is as a military historian and a theorist that Trevor Dupuy would make a lasting mark on the world. (Wiki); The Military History of World War II; Photographs; 9.13 X 6.57 X 1.11 inches 
Price: 49.97 USD
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The South African Quirt  (Author Signed), Edmonds, Walter D.
12 Edmonds, Walter D. The South African Quirt (Author Signed)
Little Brown & Co (T) 1985 0316211532 / 9780316211536 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Very Good in Very Good dust jacket Signed by Author
Inscribed and signed by author. Dust Jacket now in Mylar Protective Cover. Beautiful scarce collectors grade copy of this book. First Edition stated. Little, Brown & Co., Boston 1985. Good/Good dust jacket condition. THE SOUTH AFRICAN QUIRT IS A CLASSIC TALE OF A BOY'S RITE OF PASSAGE, DRAMATICALLY HEIGHTENED BY THE TERRIFYING STRUGGLE THE BOY, NATTY DUNSTON, MUST UNDERGO AT THE HANDS OF HIS TYRANNICAL FATHER.... May have dust spotting on top edge from shelf storage over time.; 1 x 8.4 x 5.8 Inches; 186 pages; Signed by Author 
Price: 11.97 USD
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C-66 A World War II Chronicle of an Armored Infantry Company, Emery, Weston Lewis
13 Emery, Weston Lewis C-66 A World War II Chronicle of an Armored Infantry Company
Weston Lewis Emery 1992 0929539303 / 9780929539300 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Near Fine with No dust jacket as issued Signed by Author
Blue (Infantry color) cover with gold illustration and print. Inscribed to former owner and signed "Muscles" the nickname of author and also signed by author on title page. This is the story of 512 men who worked for a common goal during a period of 155 days. Few of them were together during all those days, but all of them belonged to the same group. Many were no longer there when the job was done. Some gave their lives early - Some were taken prisoner - Some were hospitalized - Some gave their lives later - Some were with the group for 155 days.This brief record of their service in World War II is dedicated to all of them. ADD This is a remarkable record of one unit of an armored division during the last five months of the the war in Europe. It is carefully researched from official documents of the National Archives, and is laced with letters written home. This saga has been compiled by one of the enlisted men who never missed a day of duty and whose first hand view point as a company commander's combat radioman gives us a broad inside view of the company. Several helpful reviews: "We are placing C-66 in the Military Academy Library as an excellent resource for our cadets." Lieutenant General, U.S. Army, Superintendant United States Military Academy West Point May 4, 1994, "Works of your calliber are especially important.... I'm placing your book in the Armor School Library." -- Major General, U.S.Army, Commanding General. Headquarters U. S. Army Armor Center and Fort Knox. May 23, 1994 Rare signed copy. "W.L. Emory takes a different approach in bringing us the history of Company C (Hqs. Co.) of the 66th Armored Infantry Battalion of the 12th Armored Division from November, 1944 to war's end. Most of the other ex-infantrymen authors who have published accounts of World War II relate personal experiences of the excitement, terror, humor, and even boredom of combat. Sgt. Emory takes a more structured and factual approach in this self-published work. He relies on military records found in various Government archives to form the foundation of his book." Reviewer's account. Fully indexed. ; Photographs and illustrations; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; 519 pages 
Price: 59.97 USD
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Pages From a Cold Island, Exley, Frederick
14 Exley, Frederick Pages From a Cold Island
Random House 1975 0394494407 / 9780394494401 First Edition; First Impression Hardcover Very Good in Very Good dust jacket Illustrated by James Spanfeller 
Looks new except for a very small rubber stamp of former owners name in front. This is authors second novel after "A Fan's Note". This book is part of a Trilogy that ends with "Last Notes from Home". Very Rare copy. Dust Jacket now in Mylar Protective Cover. Beautiful scarce collectors grade copy of this book. May have dust spotting on top edge from shelf storage over time.; Cover Illustration; 1.1 x 8.4 x 6 Inches; 274 pages 
Price: 69.97 USD
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10-lb. Penalty  (Author Signed), Francis, Dick
15 Francis, Dick 10-lb. Penalty (Author Signed)
Putnam 1997 0399143025 / 9780399143021 First Edition; First Printing Hardcover Near Fine in Near Fine dust jacket Signed by Author
; 1.4 x 8.9 x 5.9 Inches; 273 pages; Signed by Author 
Price: 15.97 USD
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The Scotch, Galbraith, John Kenneth
16 Galbraith, John Kenneth The Scotch
Houghton Mifflin 1985 First Edition; Various Hardcover Very Good with no dust jacket 
Dust has small chip. This book is about the Scottish that moved near Detroit, Michigan. ; 0.9 x 8.4 x 5.7 Inches; 145 pages 
Price: 14.97 USD
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Keswickism, Godbey, W.B.
17 Godbey, W.B. Keswickism
Louisville, KY Pentecostal Publishing Co. ca 1900 First Edition; First Impression Paperback Good with no dust jacket 
Booklet's cover is detached and has chips. Contents complete. Rare work by Godbey on Keswickism. Rare if not unique. This booklet is protected by an archival quality sleeve to maintain present condition. We provide delivery tracking on US orders. Booklet Possibly no publication date in item. Wesleyan and Keswick Models of SanctificationRelated MediaI. IntroductionMuch of contemporary Evangelicalism is indebted in some way to John Wesley and his theological understanding of the Christian Life, or Sanctification. Wesleyanism, various varieties of Holiness Theologies, Keswick, Deeper Life, Higher life, Victorious Life Theologies all have their root in Wesley’s teaching concerning the Christian life. Wesleyan and Keswick Models of SanctificationRelated MediaI. IntroductionMuch of contemporary Evangelicalism is indebted in some way to John Wesley and his theological understanding of the Christian Life, or Sanctification. Wesleyanism, various varieties of Holiness Theologies, Keswick, Deeper Life, Higher life, Victorious Life Theologies all have their root in Wesley’s teaching concerning the Christian life.II. Wesley and WesleyanismA. Wesley & SanctificationIn the theology of John Wesley one finds a new direction, distinct both from Reformed and classic Arminianism Wesley built his understanding of the nature of man solidly upon the Reformed position of original sin, and the subsequent necessity of divine grace for salvation. Here however he parted company with the reformers and injected the doctrine of prevenient grace, (all men have received of the Holy Spirit the ability to respond to God) into his understanding of the doctrine of salvation. Wesley rejected the Reformed concept of election , opting instead for the Arminian concept of conditional election. Thus he joined the Reformed doctrine of the total sinfulness of the individual and the primacy of grace with the Arminian stress on human freedom, with its subsequent moral obligations. But his doctrine of Sanctification was not traditional Arminianism Wesley was also heavily influenced by the mystics. Packer has observed that he superimposed“on the Augustinianism of the Anglican prayer book and the heaven aspiring High Church moralist in which he was reared a concept of perfection . . . that he had learned from the Greek Patristic sources. “Macarius the Egyptian” . . . and Ephraem Syrus were chief among these. There idea of perfection was not of sinlessness, but of an ever deepening process of all around moral change. To this idea Wesley then added the lesson he had learned form those whom he called the “mystic writers” (a category including the Anglican William Law, the Roman Catholics Molinos, Fenelon, Gaston de Renty, Francis de Sales, and Madame Guyon, the Lutheran Pietist Francke, and the pre-reformation Theologia Gremanica) The lesson was that the heart of true godliness is a motivating spirit of love to God and man; without this all religion is hollow and empty. (Keep In Step with the Spirit,134)Wesley asserted the primacy of justification, and the assurance the believer could have based upon the righteousness of Christ. However, his Arminian view of election creeps into his view of final salvation. He views the process of Sanctification as one of making the individual worthy of salvation. This process is a work of God, but it is also a work of man. At this point a synergism appears. At one point he explicitly states that good works are a condition of final justification which he regards as necessary for final salvation (Lindstrom, 207)B. Developments within WesleyanismAs Wesleyanism took root in America, it was institutionalized in the context of the circuit rider and revivalism. This had profound results on the form of the teaching. As early as 1784 Francis Asbury advocated preaching the experience of entire sanctification as one which believers should expect immediately by faith. Revivalism emphasized definable turning points in a Christian’s life as essential. Holiness preaching tended to center around Wesley’s sanctification teaching of a second crisis experience subsequent to justification which was commonly termed entire sanctification. From this followed it followed that it was the duty of those who had experienced entire sanctification to confess it and seek to bring others into this experience.As Methodism became respectable, there was a call for a return to the pure doctrine of Wesley. In the latter part of the nineteenth century the National holiness Association was born to promote Wesleyan-holiness theology. Three names are prominent in the promulgation of holiness theology: Phobe Palmer; William Boardman; and Hannah Whitehall Smith.Phobe Palmer’s emphasis becomes key here. Although she says nothing that Wesley did not say a century before, she changes the Wesleyan emphasis subtly, and injects presuppositions foreign to Wesley. Whereas with Wesley the experience of perfection was something to be sought, for Palmer it was vital for continuance of salvation. For Palmer the crisis was vital. Perfection was the beginning of the Christian life and growth in holiness and the focal point of the Christian life. The focus of sanctification tended to be wholly upon a single point of wholehearted commitment, and divorced from any gradual process. “Thus, the moment of death to self and birth to love readily became an end in itself--a goal rather than an essential element in the establishment of a new relationship of freedom and love in the hearts of believers as the Holy Spirit led them from grace to grace in the will of God. (Dieter, 41)C. Key PropositionsSecond Work Of Grace.For the holiness proponents particularly the second work of grace became vital for retaining one’s salvation. Palmer particularly sees justification as dependent upon the believer’s faithfulness. she states:“As I ascended the heavenly way, clearer light shone upon my mind, revealing higher duties, requiring more of the spirit of sacrifice, and furnishing yet stronger tests of obedience. but with increasing light, increasing strength was given, enabling me to be answerable to these higher duties: for I had not learned how to retain justification while under condemnation at the same time for neglecting known duties.”For Palmer the solution lay in sanctification, envisioned as a post conversion crisis. She termed this a crisis because for her the issue was the retention or loss of justification. again she states:“I saw I could not; I must either make the necessary sacrifices, or I must sin, and by my sin forfeit my state of justification. And here my justification would have ended with me had I refused to be holy.”Thus, the second work of grace is really the basis of one’s continuance in salvation.The means of achieving this second work of grace is conceived of as an act of faith akin to the act of faith involved in justification. William Boardman notes:“Whether the question relates to justification or sanctification, the answer is the same. The way of freedom from sin is the same as the way of freedom from condemnation. . . faith in the purifying presence of Jesus.” (Higher Christian Life, 81)This same mentality persists to this day. in the Spring of 1986 I attended a Sanctification Conference sponsored by the C&MA in Piedmont CA. The keynote speaker, the president of the denomination began his first sermon with the words, “There are two gospels, the gospel of justification is for the sinner, the gospel of sanctification for the saint.” Justification is seen as delivering from the penalty of sin, sanctification is seen to deliver from the power of sin.For Boardman, this work of grace is a mystical inauguration into a process:“In the one, atonement has been made, and the moment it is accepted, pardon is complete; in the other, although the righteousness of Christ is perfect in which the soul is to be clothed, yet the work of unfolding . . . is a work of time and progress.” (40)Hannah Whitehall Smith propounds the basic teaching of holiness theology by bifurcating justification and sanctification. Her contribution, no doubt reflecting her Quaker background was the injection of a quietism into the process. She envisions the process as an entire surrender to the Lord, and a perfect trust in Him. She envisions three steps to the process:(1) The Christian must realize the gift of God.“In order therefore to enter into a practical experience of this interior life, the soul must be in a receptive attitude, fully recognizing that it is God’s gift in Christ Jesus.” (The Christian’s Secret of a Happy Life, 47)(2) Consecration is necessary.She states that the soul must be abandoned to God and lie passive in His hands (47) “To some minds the word ‘abandonment might express this idea better than the word consecration. But whatever word we use, we mean an entire surrender of the whole being to God--spirit soul and body placed under his absolute control, for Him to do with us as He pleases.”(3) Faith then follows surrender.“Love may be lavished upon us by another without stint or measure, but until we believe we are that we are loved, it never really becomes ours.” (51) She concludes: “In order to enter into this blessed interior life of rest and triumph, you have to take two steps--first entire abandonment; and second absolute faith. (52-54)While, holiness theologies come in many varieties and with various emphases, they all make the crucial disjuncture between justification, appropriated by faith and securing pardon form sin and sanctification/crisis/second work of grace/baptism by the spirit as a post conversion faith experience which breaks the power of sin.Sinlessness:In Wesley’s mind sin was primarily voluntary and was thus intimately bound up with the will. In a sermon on 1 John 3:9 speaking of the privilege of sinlessness he defined sin in a wholly voluntary manner.By sin I here understand outward sin, according to the plain common acceptation [sic] of the word; an actual, voluntary, transgression of the law of God; and of any commandment of God, acknowledged to be such, at the time it is transgressed.Elsewhere speaking of the nature of sin he declared:Not only sin, properly so called, (that is, a voluntary transgression of a known law) but sin, improperly so called, (that is an involuntary transgression of a divine law, known or unknown) needs the atoning blood.I believe there is no such perfection in this life as excludes these involuntary transgressions which I apprehend to be naturally consequent on the ignorance and mistakes inseparable from mortality.Therefore sinless perfection is a phrase I never use, lest I should seem to contradict myself.I believe a person filled with the love of God is still liable to these involuntary transgressions.Such transgressions you may call sin, if you please: I do not, for the reasons above-mentioned. (Works: “A Plain Account of Christian Perfection,” 19 (XI, 396)Wesley’s hamartiology “emphasized the willful or spiritual dimensions of sin more than the outward (moral) or cognitive (theoretical knowledge) aspects of it. Sinlessness in this context was more a matter of willing God’s will than replicating God’s perfect knowledge, action, or holiness; sin was more a matter of knowledgeable and willful rebellion against God’s will than a failure or lack of conformity to the glory of God.” (John Tyson, Charles Wesley on Sanctification (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1986) 257.)Christian Perfection:John Wesley saw Christian perfection which was available to all believers in this life as a gift from God and to be accomplished in a moment in time Christian Perfection is that love of God and our neighbor, which implies deliverance from all sin. That this is received merely by faith That it is given instantaneously, in one moment. That we are to expect it, not at death, but at any moment; that is, now is the accepted time, now is the day of this salvationJohn Wesley was adamant about the instantaneous nature of this perfection/sanctification. His brother Charles however more and more brought the process to the forefront as the years progressed.Wesley himself drew up a list of ten propositions concerning perfection which teach a progress-crisis-progress as a model for Christian perfection. In these propositions it can clearly be seen that Wesley does not understand the term teleios in the sense of mature (BAG,187) but rather in the sense of his own definition of sinlessness. There is such a thing as perfection: for it is again and again mentioned in Scripture. It is not so early as justification: for justified persons are to “go on to maturity.” (Heb. 6:1) It is not so late as death; for St. Paul speaks of living men that were perfect (Phil. 3:15) It is not absolute. Absolute perfection belongs not to man, nor to angels, but to God alone. It does not make a man infallible: None is infallible, while he remains in the body. It is sinless? It is not worthwhile to contend for a term. It is ‘salvation from sin.’ It is ‘perfect love.’ (I John 4:18) This is the essence of it; its properties, or inseparable fruits, are, rejoicing evermore, praying without ceasing, and in everything giving thanks. (I Thess. 5:16, etc.) It is improvable. It is so far from lying in an indivisible point, from being incapable of increase, that one perfected in love may grow in grace far swifter than he did before. It is amissible, capable of being lost; of which we have numerous instances. But we were not thoroughly convinced of this, till five or six years ago. It is constantly both preceded and followed by a gradual work.” (WORKS: “A Plain Account of Christian Perfection,” 25 (XI, 441-42)).As can be seen from the above quoted propositions, for Wesley perfection was not the equivalent of maturity, but it was to be equated with sinlessness (i.e. voluntary transgression), or love. He explained perfection elsewhere as “perfect love.” “I want you to be all love. This is the perfection I believe and teach.” He was careful not to set perfection too high, recognizing the dangers of “high-strained perfection” which he said led to a thousand nervous disorders. Such high-strained perfection (“so high as no man we have ever heard or read of attained [it]”) would have the unexpected result of driving Christian perfection out of the world.Entire Sanctification:This is “a personal, definitive work of God’s sanctifying grace by which the war within oneself might cease and the heart be fully released from rebellion into wholehearted love for God and others.” (Dieter, 17) This experience has negative and positive benefits. Negatively, it is seen as a cleansing of the heart, which heals the remaining systemic damage from Adam’s transgression. Positively, it, it is a freedom, “a turning of the whole heart toward God in love to seek and to know His will, which becomes the soul’s delight.” (Dieter, 18) Wesley listed the benefits of this sanctification: To love God with all one’s heart and one’s neighbor as oneself; To have the mind that is in Christ; To bear the fruit of the Spirit (in accordance with Gal. 5); The restoration of the image of God in the soul, a recovery of man to the moral image of God, which consists of righteousness and true holiness”; 5.Inward and outward righteousness, “holiness of life issuing from the heart”; God’s sanctifying of the person in spirit, soul and body; The person’s own perfect consecration to God; A continuous presentation through Jesus of the individual’s thoughts, words and actions as a sacrifice to God of praise and thanksgiving; Salvation from all sin. (Wesley, sermon “On Perfection”, Works 6, 413-15.)D. Scriptural SupportWesleyans claim that they approach Scripture holistically and do not rely on proof-texts for their doctrine, and that the holistic teaching of Scripture, its warp and woof, supports their doctrine of Sanctification. Nevertheless there are several passages which form the matrix of their understanding of the nature of sanctification. These include:Deut. 30:6Ezekiel 35:-26, 29Matt. 5:8, 48; 6;10Rom 2:29Rom 12:1-2 Therefore I urge you brothers, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as living sacrifices, holy and pleasing to God--this is your spiritual act of worship.Phoebe Palmer a leader in the revival of Wesleyanism in the late 19th century gives a typical holiness exposition of this passage, placing it in the context of the altar of Exodus 29:37. According to Palmer, Christ is the believers altar. Since according to Exodus everything that touched the altar is holy, every Christian who was willing by faith to present himself without reservation as a living sacrifice upon the altar of the finished work of Christ would be entirely sanctified and cleansed from all sin. (Dieter, 39)2 Cor 3:17-18; 7:1Gal 2:20Ephesians 3:14-29; 5:27Phil 3:151 Thess. 5:23Titus 2:11-14;Heb. 6:1; 7:25; 10:14John 8:34-36;John 17:20-23:Commenting on the John 17 passage, Mildred Wynkoop has noted parallels with Ephesians 4:Jesus had in mind a spiritually unified body of believersThat would bring glory to Himself.He died to sanctify them. Al other elements of redemption were included but incidental to this.Sanctification was in word and in truth. This “word” obviously not the Scripture primarily, but was found in living fellowship with the living Word, who is himself Truth.The commission was accompanied by a moral fitness--for the unity of the spirit indicated in both passages is moral clear through.(Wynkoop Theology of Love, 320, cited by Dieter, 32)1 John 1:51 John 7-91 John 2:61 John 3:31 John 3:8-10In commenting on this passage Wesley based his whole thesis upon his definition if sin as voluntary transgression. (see above), James 1:4E. CritiqueRedefinition Of Terminology:The Reformed have for centuries taken Wesley to task for teaching sinless perfection. While this charge is not really accurate, for the reasons shown above, Wesley himself must bear the blame for this charge because of his own redefinition of terms. Packer notes:It was indeed confusing for Wesley to give the name perfection to a state which from many standpoints was one of continued imperfection. It was yet more confusing that he should define sin “properly so called”, subjectively, as “voluntary transgression of a known law,” rather than objectively, as failure, whether conscious or unconscious, voluntary or involuntary, to conform to God’s revealed standards. It was supremely confusing when he let himself speak of sanctified persons as being without sin ( because they were not consciously breaking any known law) while at the same time affirming that they need the blood of Christ every moment to cover their actual shortcomings. Wesley himself insisted that by the objective standard of God’s “perfect law,” every sanctified sinner needs pardon every day; that makes it seem perverse of him also to have insisted on stating his view of the higher Christian life in terms of being perfect and not sinning.Unrealistic Theological Rationale:Wesley at least saw the experience of perfection uprooting and eradicating sinful desire from the heart. His understanding saw this not only as a change in the moral nature but as effecting some kind of a physical change as well. (see Packer 140-141) This thread of Wesley’s teaching has been picked up by such groups as the church of the Nazarene in its teaching of the eradication of the sin nature.Spiritual Elitism:The injection of a second work of grace into the Christian life also leads to a spiritual elitism on the part of those who have attained this “higher life.” There is a subtle tendency to look down patronizingly upon those who have not had this experience. (One of my former students at Simpson recently told me he was going to write an article entitled, “my life as a second class Christian”!)Dangers of Legalism:Particularly in the holiness groups, the Wesleyan concept of perfection as perfect love was exchanged for what Wesley called “high-strained” perfectionism which seeks the absolute perfection of God. To achieve this high standard, sin was redefined in terms of external acts and equated with cultural norms e.g. smoking, drinking, dancing, hair length, makeup, movies. Richard Lovelace speaks eloquently to this problem. . “. .. the conscience cannot accept sanctification unless it is based in a foundation in justification. When this is attempted the resulting insecurity creates a luxuriant overgrowth of religious flesh as believers seek to build a holiness formidable enough to pacify their consciences and quiet their sense of alienation from God. (The Dynamics of Spiritual Life, 104,) “The fully enlightened conscience cannot be pacified by any amount of grace inherent in our lives, since that always falls short of the perfection demanded by God’s law. . . such a conscience is forced to draw back into the relative darkness of self-deception. Either it manufactures a fictitious righteousness in heroic works of ascetic piety, or it redefines sin in shallow terms so that it can lose the consciousness of its presence.” (99)Problems With Exegesis:Wesley’s Scriptural proof of his doctrine (see above) consist of either promises and calls to holiness (with affirmations that God will indeed finally deliver his people from sin) or they are statements of accomplished deliverance which the believer possesses now. “Wesley affirms that the promises find fulfillment in total and absolute terms in this life and appeals to declarations, along with the prayers and commands, to buttress his conclusions.” (Packer, 139). In short he falls victim to a totally realized eschatology rather than seeing the tension of an “already but not yet” with reference to the Christian life.Protestations notwithstanding . . .Wesley in his own life did not rely upon justification for his acceptance before God. He looked to his state of Sanctification and there found that he was less than perfect. This caused him doubt of his salvation.On October 14, 1738 he wrote, “I cannot find in myself the love of God, or of Christ. Hence my deadness and wanderings in public prayer...Again: I find I have not that joy in the Holy Ghost.”On January 4, 1739 he wrote, “My friends affirm I am mad, because I said I was not a Christian a year ago. I affirm I am not a Christian now. Indeed, what I might have been I know not....Though I have constantly used all means of grace for twenty years, I am not a Christian.”On June 27, 1766 he wrote to Charles Wesley, “. . . and yet (this is the mystery) I do not love God. I never did. Therefore I never believed in the Christian sense of the word. Therefore I am only an honest heathen.”Comment by P.T. Forsythe :“It is a fatal mistake to think of holiness as a possession we have distinct from our faith and conferred upon it. That is a Catholic idea, still saturating Protestant Pietism. (see also Dieter, 14.)III. KeswickWith Keswick one finds a different situation than with the Holiness Movement. Whereas Wesleyan holiness theology is traceable directly to Wesley and has clearly identifiable tenets, Keswick is much more amorphous and comes in many varieties from the strict Keswick of a Major Ian Thomas, John Hunter, Alan Redpath and the Torchbearers fellowship to the milder Keswick of Campus Crusade For Christ and Moody Bible Institute and other respected Evangelical educational institutions. Whereas Holiness theology has tended to dominate in Arminian circles, Keswick has tended to dominate American Evangelicalism of a more Calvinistic bent. Indeed Packer asserts that it has become standard in virtually all of Evangelicalism except confessional Reformed and Lutheran.(151)A. Keswick OriginsIdeological roots: Holiness TheologyCharles Finney & Oberlin TheologyPhobe Palmer & Entire DevotionWilliam Boardman & The Higher Christian LifeHannah Whitehall Smith & The Christian Secret of a Happy LifeHistoric Origins:The term Keswick derives its name from a small community in the Lake district of England. In the wake of the Moody-Sankey campaigns there was an increased thirst for personal holiness and spiritual victory in the lives of many English Evangelicals. T. D. Harford-Battersby, vicar of Keswick was such a man. He had attended the Oxford meetings led by Robert Pearsall Smith and William Boardman 1874. (Bible.org) ; 12mo 7" - 7½" tall; 63 pages 
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West Virginia History, A Quarterly Magazine, Vol XXIII, July 1962  Number 4, Goodall, Cecile R. (Editor)
18 Goodall, Cecile R. (Editor) West Virginia History, A Quarterly Magazine, Vol XXIII, July 1962 Number 4
Charleston, WV State Department of Archives and History 1962 First Edition; First Impression Paperback Very Good with no dust jacket 
Cream color paperback with black print. Among other articles this issue contains Lord Dunmore.Book now in archival sleeve to protect condition. Scarce. ; Photographs; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; p 
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West Virginia History, A Quarterly Magazine, Vol XXIV July, 1963, Number 4, Goodall, Cecile R. (Editor)
19 Goodall, Cecile R. (Editor) West Virginia History, A Quarterly Magazine, Vol XXIV July, 1963, Number 4
Charleston, WV State Department of Archives and History 1963 First Edition; Various Paperback Very Good with no dust jacket 
Cream color paperback with black print. Book now in archival sleeve to protect condition. Scarce. ; Photographs; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; p 
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West Virginia History, A Quarterly Magazine, Vol XXV, Number 4, July 1964, Goodall, Cecile R. (Editor)
20 Goodall, Cecile R. (Editor) West Virginia History, A Quarterly Magazine, Vol XXV, Number 4, July 1964
Charleston, WV State Department of Archives and History 1964 First Edition; Various Paperback Very Good with no dust jacket 
Cream color paperback with black print. Among other articles this issue contains The War Between the states.Book now in archival sleeve to protect condition. Scarce. ; Photographs; 8vo 8" - 9" tall; p 
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